Uzbekistan: In order to help the Republic of Uzbekistan with disaster preparedness, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has provided the Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Uzbekistan, with modern computer equipment and GIS integrated technology worth $77,383. “One of the activities of the Institute of Geology and Geophysics under the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan, is the study of potentially dangerous natural processes that can cause natural disasters such as earthquakes and landslides.
“To reduce the risks, it is important to be able to predict where possible cataclysm can occur, as well as know its consequences. One of the most effective tools to reduce the risk of natural disasters is GIS technologies and remote sensing. In order to become familiar with modern developments in these areas and to enhance our own skills, the Institute experts have undergone JICA training courses on Seismometry, engineering seismology and mitigation of natural disasters in Japan as well as Remote sensing and GIS in Turkey,” said Nurtaev Bakhtiar, the Deputy Director of the Geology Institute.
JICA has provided advanced software for processing satellite materials supporting GIS technologies. “Space-based information allows you to go from generalisation of the particular observations to perform work on the principle from general to particular. Now to identify the faults of the Earth’s crust you don’t need to take many kilometers of routes to bring together a huge amount of the work of many performers. With satellite imagery, the mapping of geological structures with modern methods can be done by direct decoding in stationary conditions. Landslide-prone areas may not always be identified before the event and need to be monitored, which involves not only monitoring the process or phenomenon but also its assessment analysis and forecast the spread and development. All this will allow us to analyse the systematic risks and improve methods for estimating seismic and landslide hazards,” added Bakhtiar.